However, the Empire struck back, sweeping through Germany and handing the Protestants a defeat. Although Christian IV was able to keep Denmark, the Danish Phase of the 30 Years’ War ended in another victory for Catholicism and the Hapsburgs.
What were three results of the Thirty Years War?
What were the results of the Thirty Years’ War? As a result of the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648), Switzerland and the Netherlands became independent; Germany became fragmented and its population was greatly reduced; and France soon became a dominant power in western continental Europe.
What caused the 30 year war?
Though the struggles of the Thirty Years War erupted some years earlier, the war is conventionally held to have begun in 1618, when the future Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II attempted to impose Roman Catholic absolutism on his domains, and the Protestant nobles of both Bohemia and Austria rose up in rebellion.
Who won the Thirty Years War and who lost?
The war finally ended with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Austria was defeated, and its hopes for control over a Catholic Europe came to nothing. The Peace of Westphalia set the religious and political boundaries for Europe for the next two centuries.
Which phase of the 30 Years war was the most destructive?
The Peace of Westphalia (1648)
The last phase of the Thirty Years’ War was the bloodiest and failed to produce a decisive result. After thirty years, people were weary of war and had lost track of why they were even fighting.
What caused the Thirty Years war in Europe 5 points?
The correct answer is: Conflict between Protestants and Catholics. It began as a conflict in which the different States in Europe support either The Protestant Reform or The Catholic Counter – Reform between the years of 1618 and 1648.
What was the root cause of the Thirty Years war quizlet?
The war had religious roots as the Holy Roman Empire tried to reassert Catholic hegemony (dominance / leadership) over the Protestant areas of the empire. … An initial revolt was by the Bohemian Protestant, who threw Imperial representative out of the window (the Defenestration of Prague), was easily crushed.
Why did the Catholic and Protestant fight in Ireland?
Unionists and loyalists, who for historical reasons were mostly Ulster Protestants, wanted Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom. Irish nationalists and republicans, who were mostly Irish Catholics, wanted Northern Ireland to leave the United Kingdom and join a united Ireland.