As Protestantism swept across many parts of Europe, the Catholic Church reacted by making limited reforms, curbing earlier abuses, and combating the further spread of Protestantism. This movement is known as the Catholic Counter-Reformation.
What steps did the Catholic Church take to stop the Reformation?
What steps did the Catholic Church take to reform and stop the growth of Protestantism? The Pope strengthened the Inquisition: used secret testimony, torture, and execution to root out heresy.
Why did the Protestants break from the Catholic Church?
The Reformation began in 1517 when a German monk called Martin Luther protested about the Catholic Church. His followers became known as Protestants. Many people and governments adopted the new Protestant ideas, while others remained faithful to the Catholic Church. This led to a split in the Church.
What were the 3 key elements of the Catholic Reformation?
What were the three key elements of the Catholic Reformation, and why were they so important to the Catholic Church in the 17th century? The founding of the Jesuits, reform of the papacy, and the Council of Trent. They were important because they unified the church, help spread the gospel, and validated the church.
What were the main Protestant critiques of the Catholic Church?
In this statement four major criticisms of Protestantism are im- plied: (1) Because the Reformers revolted from the Church and broke its unity, modern man, the Protestant man, has lost the sense of the Christian verities; (2) Protestantism is responsible for the crisis of modern civilization, especially in view of (3) …
How did the Catholic Church respond to the Reformation select the two correct answers?
Explanation: The Catholic Church responded to the Reformation of Protestants by the formation of the Council of Trent. The Council of Trent was formed in the year of 1545, the Church opened it for dealing with the problems raised by Martin Luther.
Why did Protestants remove 7 books from the Bible?
The chief reason why Protestants rejected these biblical books was because they did not support their Protestant doctrines, e.g., 2 Maccabees supports prayer for the dead. The 7-deuterocanonical books are: Tobit, Judith, Wisdom, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), Baruch, and 1 and 2 Maccabees.
Why did John Calvin not like the Catholic Church?
He also stressed original sin and justification by faith alone. He insisted that the Pope might forgive sins against the Church, but he could not forgive sins against God. … Catholic opposition forced Calvin to move to Geneva where his group established a theocracy, a state based on God’s law.