Martin Luther, (born November 10, 1483, Eisleben, Saxony [Germany]—died February 18, 1546, Eisleben), German theologian and religious reformer who was the catalyst of the 16th-century Protestant Reformation.
Did Martin Luther create German?
Luther’s translation of the New Testament was printed in 1522. He used common German and not scientific or learned German. Luther created his translation from Latin, Greek, and Hebrew versions of the Bible. He used a form the Middle German dialect, in particular drawing from the dialect used by the royal Saxon court.
Why did Martin Luther break away from the Catholic Church?
It was the year 1517 when the German monk Martin Luther pinned his 95 Theses to the door of his Catholic church, denouncing the Catholic sale of indulgences — pardons for sins — and questioning papal authority. That led to his excommunication and the start of the Protestant Reformation.
Why did Martin Luther remove books from the Bible?
He wanted to make the Bible conform to his theology. … Even if it meant removing books, he decided to remove Hebrews James and Jude from the New Testament because they were not compatible with his teaching that salvation is by faith alone.
Why did Martin Luther change the Bible?
While he was sequestered in the Wartburg Castle (1521–22) Luther began to translate the New Testament from Greek into German in order to make it more accessible to all the people of the “Holy Roman Empire of the German nation.” He translated from the Greek text, using Erasmus’ second edition (1519) of the Greek New …
How did Calvin die?
At the age of fifty-five he died, probably from tuberculosis, although some authorities have considered subacute bacterial endocarditis. John Calvin’s life was spent in the service of religion and his legacy is enormous, though often subject to controversy.
What did the 95 theses say?
Martin Luther posts 95 theses
In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking payment—called “indulgences”—for the forgiveness of sins.