Support for PBS.org provided by: What’s this? Frederick the Wise is remembered as the man who saved Martin Luther from the fury of the Catholic Church. Frederick was born in Hartenfels Castle, Torgau in 1463, the first son of the Elector Ernst of the House of Wettin.
Why did Frederick the Wise kidnap Martin Luther?
Many princes would have handed Luther over to the inquisition, sent him on to Rome, or silenced him. Frederick did none of these. He demanded hearings in Germany. He arranged for Luther to be kidnapped to keep him out of the hands of his enemies.
Did the German princes protect Martin Luther?
For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic. Luther was protected by powerful German princes, however, and by his death in 1546, the course of Western civilization had been significantly altered.
Why did Prince Frederick refuse to send Luther to Rome?
On December 18, 1518, Frederick wrote a letter to Catejan informing him that he would only send Luther to Rome “after he has been convicted of heresy.” He urged that Luther be given an opportunity to debate his interpretation of Scripture and submit it to a university for decision.
Where was Martin Luther tried?
Martin Luther, the chief catalyst of Protestantism, defies the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V by refusing to recant his writings. He had been called to Worms, Germany, to appear before the Diet (assembly) of the Holy Roman Empire and answer charges of heresy.
What did Luther do while he was in hiding?
Friends helped him hide out at the Wartburg Castle. While in seclusion, he translated the New Testament into the German language, to give ordinary people the opportunity to read God’s word.
What did the pope do to Henry VIII?
On January 5, 1531, Pope Clement VII sends a letter to King Henry VIII of England forbidding him to remarry under penalty of excommunication. Henry, who was looking for a way out of his marriage to his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, ignored the pope’s warning.
Who did Luther marry?
Why did the pope put a bounty on Luther’s head?
After receiving Luther’s “nasty-gram,” the Pope went ballistic and called for an immediate inquiry into the audacity of this brazen professor, referred to as the “Diet of Worms.” Luther was deemed a heretic, excommunicated from the Church, and a bounty was placed on his head.