Frederick III, byname Frederick the Wise, German Friedrich der Weise, (born Jan. 17, 1463, Torgau, Saxony—died May 5, 1525, Lochau, near Torgau), elector of Saxony who worked for constitutional reform of the Holy Roman Empire and protected Martin Luther after Luther was placed under the imperial ban in 1521.
Did the German princes protect Martin Luther?
For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic. Luther was protected by powerful German princes, however, and by his death in 1546, the course of Western civilization had been significantly altered.
Why did Frederick the Wise kidnap Martin Luther?
Many princes would have handed Luther over to the inquisition, sent him on to Rome, or silenced him. Frederick did none of these. He demanded hearings in Germany. He arranged for Luther to be kidnapped to keep him out of the hands of his enemies.
Who was Elector Frederick III?
Friedrich III, Elector of Saxony. Elector of Saxony who worked for constitutional reform of the Holy Roman Empire. Succeeded his father Ernest as Elector of Saxony; a Roman Catholic, he nevertheless founded the university of Wittenberg, where Martin Luther (q.v.) taught.
What was the first Protestant faith?
lutheranism was the first protestant faith. … lutheranism taught salvation through faith alone, not good works.
Where was Martin Luther tried?
Martin Luther, the chief catalyst of Protestantism, defies the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V by refusing to recant his writings. He had been called to Worms, Germany, to appear before the Diet (assembly) of the Holy Roman Empire and answer charges of heresy.
Why did the pope put a bounty on Luther’s head?
After receiving Luther’s “nasty-gram,” the Pope went ballistic and called for an immediate inquiry into the audacity of this brazen professor, referred to as the “Diet of Worms.” Luther was deemed a heretic, excommunicated from the Church, and a bounty was placed on his head.
What did Prince Frederick refuse?
Frederick realized that if he gave in to their demands that the church would have Luther killed, and refused to do so. The church attempted to bribe him with a golden rose, Frederick accepted the rose but continued to refuse to hand over Luther to the church.
Why did Prince Frederick refuse to send Luther to Rome?
On December 18, 1518, Frederick wrote a letter to Catejan informing him that he would only send Luther to Rome “after he has been convicted of heresy.” He urged that Luther be given an opportunity to debate his interpretation of Scripture and submit it to a university for decision.