Revivalism, generally, renewed religious fervour within a Christian group, church, or community, but primarily a movement in some Protestant churches to revitalize the spiritual ardour of their members and to win new adherents.
Who were important revivalists?
The charismatic theatricality of George Whitefield, Gilbert Tennent, and “Swearing Jack” Waller would take modern American form in Charles Finney, Aimee Semple McPherson, Billy Graham, and these modern revivalists also emphasized individual conversion and the “born-again experience,” just as George Whitefield had done.
What is religious revival in sociology?
A term applied to mass movements which are based upon intense religious excitement. Periodic religious revivals, which seek to restore commitment and attachment to the group, are a regular sociological feature of religious traditions. … Revivalism has been a common phenomenon in the United States.
What are the two forms of revivalism?
Revivalism: Revival Zion and Pocomania
Revivalism began in Jamaica between 1860 and 1861 as a part of a religious movement called the Great Revival. It is a combination of elements from African pagan beliefs and Christianity and has several forms, the two major forms being Revival Zion and Pocomania.
What important impact did religious revivals have on society?
The repeated and varied revivals of these several decades helped make the United States a much more deeply Protestant nation than it had been before. Finally, the Second Great Awakening also included greater public roles for white women and much higher African-American participation in Christianity than ever before.
Who does Revivalism worship?
The emergence of Revivalism came in the 1860s with two different branches: 60 (1860) or Zion; and 61 (1861) or Pocomania. Revivalists believe in the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), and they see no separation between the earthly and the spiritual realms.
What is another name for Revivalism?
What is another word for revivalist?
What is the meaning of revivalist?
1 : one who conducts religious revivals specifically : a member of the clergy who travels about to conduct revivals. 2 : one who revives or restores something disused.
When did revivalism become a religious movement?
The movement began around 1790 and gained momentum by 1800; after 1820, membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations, whose preachers led the movement.
What does revival mean in music?
A music revival comprises an effort to perform and promote music that is valued as old or historical and is usually perceived to be threatened or moribund. Generally speaking, revival efforts engage a number of intertwined processes and issues.