Religious Affiliation: Catholic. Social Status and Activities: Succeeded his father as Lord Baltimore in 1632 and settled Maryland, the charter for which George Calvert had first obtained from the king.
Why did Lord Baltimore leave England?
Attempt to found a Mid-Atlantic colony
They gave him the oaths of supremacy and allegiance, which he refused to take, so they ordered him to leave. After no more than a few weeks in the colony, Baltimore left for England to pursue the new charter, leaving his wife and servants behind.
Why is Maryland Catholic?
The territory was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. Before settlement began, George Calvert died and was succeeded by his son Cecilius, who sought to establish Maryland as a haven for Roman Catholics persecuted in England.
Why did Calvert start Maryland?
George Calvert wanted to start a colony because of religious problems in England. Catholics could not openly observe their religion. … Cecil Calvert believed that English Catholics could live in peace in Maryland with people who believed in Protestant religions. So he urged Catholics to leave England.
Why is Maryland better than the other colonies?
Although the settlers in the Maryland Colony grew a variety of crops, the major export was tobacco. The climate in the Maryland Colony was much warmer than in the New England and Middle Colonies. This made it easier to grow crops year round but the warmer temperatures made it easier for disease to spread.
Did the Maryland Colony have religious freedom?
Long before the First Amendment was adopted, the assembly of the Province of Maryland passed “An Act Concerning Religion,” also called the Maryland Toleration Act of 1649. The act was meant to ensure freedom of religion for Christian settlers of diverse persuasions in the colony.