Antioch, Turkish Antakya, populous city of ancient Syria and now a major town of south-central Turkey. It lies near the mouth of the Orontes River, about 12 miles (19 km) northwest of the Syrian border.
Where is Antioch on a map?
|Map of Antioch in Roman and early Byzantine times|
|Shown within Turkey|
|Alternative name||Syrian Antioch|
|Location||Antakya, Hatay Province, Turkey|
What language was spoken in ancient Antioch?
Among the languages they spoke or read were Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Syriac, and Persian. Their many religions included Egyptian, Near Eastern, and Roman Pagan cults; as well as Judaism and Christianity.
What does the name Antioch mean?
The name, also borne by several Syrian kings and an eclectic philosopher, is a Latinized form of Greek Antiokhos, literally “resistant, holding out against,” from anti “against” (see anti-) + ekhein “to have, hold;” in intransitive use, “be in a given state or condition” (from PIE root *segh- “to hold”).
What religion is Antioch?
Antioch was also one of the earliest centres of Christianity; it was there that the followers of Christ were first called Christians, and the city was the headquarters of the missionary St. Paul about 47–55 ce.
Why did Latin die out?
To oversimplify the matter, Latin began to die out in the 6th century shortly after the fall of Rome in 476 A.D. The fall of Rome precipitated the fragmentation of the empire, which allowed distinct local Latin dialects to develop, dialects which eventually transformed into the modern Romance languages.
Did Romans speak Italian?
Ancient Romans spoke Latin. Modern Italians speak Italian. Most Romans did not speak Classical Latin – as they were illiterate and far from Rome’s native speakers.
What are the 5 patriarchs?
Five patriarchates, collectively called the pentarchy (q.v.), were the first to be recognized by the legislation of the emperor Justinian (reigned 527–565), later confirmed by the Council in Trullo (692); these five were Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, though, after the Muslim invasions of …
Is Catholic Church the first church in the world?
The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the western world. It can trace its history back almost 2000 years. … Catholics believe that the Pope, based in Rome, is the successor to Saint Peter whom Christ appointed as the first head of His church.