In the Roman Catholic Church, the wearing of a pectoral cross remains restricted to popes, cardinals, bishops and abbots. In Eastern Orthodox Church Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic Churches that follow a Slavic Tradition, priests also wear pectoral crosses, while deacons and minor orders do not.
What does pectoral cross meaning?
: a cross worn on the breast especially by a prelate.
What is the cross the Pope wears?
Also known as the Papa Francisco cross or Papa Francesco cross, it depicts Christ the Good Shepherd carrying the lost sheep on his shoulders, with the flock in the background. At the top is the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove. Cross measures 1-5/8 inches in height.
How much is the pope’s cross worth?
It is valued at $650,000. Both the ring and the cross are engraved with the Christian Chi Rho symbol, which indicates that both were most probably made by Vatican jewelers in the early 1900′s with existing jewels from the Vatican’s own collection, Bill Rau said.
Which shoulder do you touch first when making the sign of the cross?
The reader is exactly right, however: Eastern Catholics (and Eastern Orthodox) make the Sign of the Cross by touching their right shoulder first. Many also touch their right shoulder up higher than their left shoulder. Both actions remind us of the two thieves who were crucified alongside Christ.
Why do Catholic priests wear a biretta?
A biretta is a square cap with three or four pointed ridges, often adorned with a pom or tassel at the top center. … In the Catholic Church, the color of the biretta signifies the wearer’s rank. Cardinals wear red birettas, bishops wear purple, and priests, deacons and seminarians wear black.